February 16, 2012
Grade 11 Food Studies
Here are the links you need in order to complete the worksheet that was given in
class on February 10, 2012:
**** Ms. Bergen’s students in the Grade 11 Food Studies section
need to hand in this sheet completed for marks.
Grade 10 Food Studies
Some helpful links for this assignment:
We are busy, busy people. Compared to 50 years ago, life can be
very fast paced The food industry is keeping up! Fast Food Restaurants are everywhere, making it a convenient option for breakfast, lunch, dinner and even for a snack.
Think about your eating habits, how good are they?
This is what you are going to do…
1. Complete the top two sections of the worksheet labeled, “You Are What You Eat.”
Read this below and complete the next section of your assignment:
Nutrition and the Health of Young People
Benefits of Healthy Eating
Proper nutrition promotes the optimal growth and development of children.1
- Healthy eating helps prevent high cholesterol and high blood pressure and helps reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes.1
- Healthy eating helps reduce one’s risk for developing obesity, osteoporosis, iron deficiency, and dental caries (cavities).1,2
Consequences of a Poor Diet
- A poor diet can lead to energy imbalance (e.g., eating more calories than one expends through physical activity) and can increase one’s risk for overweight and obesity.1,8
- A poor diet can increase the risk for lung, esophageal, stomach, colorectal, and prostate cancers.9
- Individuals who eat fast food one or more times per week are at increased risk for weight gain, overweight, and obesity.1
- Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages can result in weight gain, overweight, and obesity.1
- Providing access to drinking water gives students a healthy alternative to sugar-sweetened beverages.
- Hunger and food insecurity (i.e., reduced food intake and disrupted eating patterns because a household lacks money and other resources for food) might increase the risk for lower dietary quality and undernutrition. In turn, undernutrition can negatively affect overall health, cognitive development, and school performance.10-12
Eating Behaviors of Young People
- Most U.S. youth
- Do not meet the recommendations for eating 2½ cups to 6½ cups* of fruits and vegetables each day
- Do not eat the minimum recommended amounts of whole grains (2–3 ounces* each day)
- Eat more than the recommended maximum daily intake of sodium (1,500–2,300 mg* each day) .1,3,7
- Empty calories from added sugars and solid fats contribute to 40% of daily calories for children and adolescents aged 2–18 years, affecting the overall quality of their diets. Approximately half of these empty calories come from six sources: soda, fruit drinks, dairy desserts, grain desserts, pizza, and whole milk.5
- Adolescents drink more full-calorie soda per day than milk. Males aged 12–19 years drink an average of 22 ounces of full-calorie soda per day, more than twice their intake of fluid milk (10 ounces), and females drink an average of 14 ounces of full-calorie soda and only 6 ounces of fluid milk.6
Diet and Academic Performance
- Eating a healthy breakfast is associated with improved cognitive function (especially memory), reduced absenteeism, and improved mood.13-1
information courtesy of: http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/nutrition/facts.htm
-use http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/food-guide-aliment/basics-base/quantit-eng.php to answer the questions.
Use the 2 links below to find 3 fast food restaurants that you enjoy. For each restaurant you will compose 3 different meals. Write the total calories next to each food you choose and then add up the whole meal at the end.
(scroll to bottom): http://www.chowbaby.com/fastfood/fast_food_calories.asp
Meal 1~ _Chicken Club Wrap (680), Medium Curly Fries (210), Small Ice Tea (120) Total Calories_1010_
5. In Microsoft Word, begin to type your conclusion. Think about these questions as you write:
1. Was the information you found informative?
2. Do you have healthy eating habits?
3. Was there any information that surprised you?
4. Will you be more conscious of what you eat at fast food restaurants?
5. Will you change the way you eat based on the information you found?
Please print out your conclusion. Remember to put your name on it!
- 1/2 pound dry fettuccine pasta
- 3-4 Tbsp butter
- 2/3 cup finely grated parmesan cheese
- Black pepper
- 1/2 cup cream
1 Bring a large pot of salty water to a boil and drop in your fettuccine.
2 Melt the butter in a large sauté pan set over low heat. Add the cream to the butter as it melts. Stir often to combine the two, do not turn off the heat, but keep the heat at its lowest setting while the pasta cooks.
3 When the fettuccine is al dente (cooked, but still a little firm) lift it out of the pot with tongs and move the pasta to the sauté pan. Do not drain the pasta. You want it dripping wet with the cooking water. Turn on the heat under the sauté pan to medium and swirl the pasta and butter together to combine. Add half the cheese, then swirl and toss the pasta until it has incorporated into the sauce. If needed, add a few spoonfuls more of the pasta cooking water. Add the rest of the cheese and repeat.
4 Serve at once with either a little black pepper (for classic version) or nutmeg (for creamy version) ground over the pasta.
Yield: Serves 4.
- 4 potatoes, (unpeeled, washed)
- about 1/4 cup onion
- 1/2 tsp. salt
- about 2 tbsp. flour
- butter or oil
- Cut up potatoes (about 4 cups) and put in blender.
- Add onion, salt, and flour.
- Blend, stopping frequently to scrape down sides.
- Heat enough butter, oil, or mixture of butter and oil to coat bottom of fry pan. Keep on high heat.
- Drop spoonfuls of batter into pan, pressing down lightly with back of spoon to flatten pancake.
- Fry until brown (about 3-4 minutes), flip over, and continue frying until cooked through and crispy brown.(about 3-4 minutes).
- Remove and keep warm in oven. Continue frying till all batter is used, adding more butter (or oil) as needed.
- Serve with applesauce, sprinkle with sugar, or serve plain.
For today, please take notes on the topic of Eating Personalities:
You get 25 marks for copying the notes. After you have written the notes, answer the following questions (6 marks):
1. What “Eating Personality” are you?
2. Do you constantly think about food or do you sometimes forget to eat?
3. Do you know anyone with an eating disorder (anorexia or bulemia)?
Worth: 31 marks, due at the end of class today.
To be or not to be?
Worth: 37 marks
Due: November 4th, end of class.
What is a “Vegetarian Diet”?
The types of vegetarian diets are many and varied. The common labels are:
- lactovegetarian – includes dairy products
- ovovegetarian – includes eggs
- pescovegetarian – includes seafood
- vegan – excludes all animal products including honey
Why choose a vegetarian diet?
Health and Well-being
- Vegetarian diets are linked with lower incidences of many diseases including heart disease, cancer, diabetes, gallstones, kidney disease, gastrointestinal disease, and rheumatoid arthritis.
- The health benefits are associated with diets that are low in animal protein, saturated fat, cholesterol, and high in whole grains, fiber, fruits, vegetables, plant protein, phytochemicals, and antioxidants.
Animal Welfare and Non-violence
- People interested in protecting the welfare of animals often choose vegetarian diets. In addition to a vegetarian or vegan diet, they may also choose not to wear leather, silk, or wool or use other products that utilize animal ingredients or testing on animals.
- Concern for the environment includes concern about the use of land for grazing and raising livestock, consumption of water, disposal of animal waste and animal carcass by products, pollution, and preserving natural ecosystems.
- Some religions including Seventh Day Adventist, Buddhism, and Hinduism advocate not eating meat.
Choose a topic for your proposed legislation. Once topic is chosen, develop proposed legislation and rationale. Complete the requirements listed below in the “Process” section.
Sample topics for proposed legislation:
¢ Require inclusion of soy protein in school lunch programs
¢ Modify the Canada Food Guide and Dietary Recommendations for Canadians to promote vegetarianism
¢ Reduce or eliminate federal aid to the meat and poultry industry, increase aid to growers of plant foods (such as soybean farmers)
Sample ideas for rationale:
¢ Promote better health for Canadians
¢ Protect the environment
¢ Protect animal rights
Sample proposed legislation with rationale:
We propose that congress require the inclusion of soy-based meat alternatives in the school lunch program at least twice a week in order to teach children about healthy alternatives to meat and promote better health among children.
1. Visit at least 6 of the websites listed below. List the 6 websites and for each website you visited write a brief summary (at least 3-4 sentences in your own words- not pasted from a website) describing the information you found on the site that is helpful to this project. (6 websites x 4 marks = 24 marks)
2. Did you visit any websites not listed on this webquest? If so, list the name of the website(s) and url(s) of the sites you thought were interesting and helpful to this project.
3. Based on the information you explored, state your proposed legislation and rationale. List at least 5 points that you intend to use to support your proposed legislation and rationale.
4. List at least 2 sources of opposition you think you might encounter and why. How will you refute this opposition? (8 marks)
1. The Position of the American Dietetic Association: Vegetarian Diets
The position of the ADA provides additional information and guidelines for planning a vegetarian diet as well as the association’s “official” opinion on the matter. ADA has developed a food guide pyramid for vegetarians diets.
2. Vegetarian Nutrition Dietetic Practice Group
This website contains some very useful information including articles about vegetarianism and links to other resources. Most information is available to everyone, regardless of whether you are a member of the practice group.
3. Making the Change to a Vegetarian Diet
This is a fact sheet published by the Vegetarian Nutrition Dietetic Practice Group which serves as a brief list of suggestions to assist in making the change to a meatless diet.
4. School Lunch Program Requirements
* Scroll down to “Commodity Foods”
Close to 8 million breakfasts and 27 million lunches are provided each day by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program. For many years the USDA maintained specifications for textured vegetable protein products allowing their use in school lunches to replace up to 30% of meat in various menu items. Soy milk is required to be available only for children with documented medical conditions restricting them from drinking cow’s milk. Why not make it available for everyone, even if students paid more for it? Without expounding on the commercialism and politics behind this decision, I do want to comment that I think it is unfortunate that more soy products are not permitted to be used in school lunches. Soy is a very healthful food and it would serve children well to become accustomed to eating healthfully.
5. Vegetarian Resource Group
The Vegetarian Resource Group (VRG) is a non-profit organization dedicated to educating the public on vegetarianism and the interrelated issues of health, nutrition, ecology, ethics, and world hunger. Their site specifically includes lots of useful information for kids and teens who are vegetarian including information about scholarships and essay contests for teen vegetarians.
6. Vegan Outreach- Vegan Starter Pack
For those considering a vegan diet, this starter pack can be very useful. The focus is on veganism, and therefore it discusses many aspects of being vegan, not only diet. It provides good food for thought!
7. Vegetarian Network Victoria
The Vegetarian Network Victoria website includes a variety of interesting information about reasons to become vegetarian and helpful suggestions for doing so.
8. Go Veg.com
This website contains information about all the reasons for becoming vegetarian but especially focuses on animal welfare. These links contain information about the environment, animal welfare, factory farming, world hunger, and health issues.
9. EarthSave International
Aside from concern for your own health or the well-being of animals, another important reason to consider adopting a vegan diet is to protect our planet. The use of water, land, and animal feed to produce meat and dairy products is taking a huge toll on our natural resources. So much so that we risk eventually running out of water in the western U.S. The devastation of rain forest to raise beef for fast food restaurants has been widely publicized for years but yet doesn’t seem to hamper the appetite of our culture for a fast food burger. This is an area where environmental scientists and nutritionists would do well to work together and promote healthy diets to promote a healthy planet. This is the only home we have and we need to take care to ensure our own sustainability on the planet.
The Union of Concerned Scientists says there are two things people can do to most help the environment. The first is to drive a fuel-efficient automobile (that means, not an SUV or a truck) and live near where we work. The second is to not eat beef. Not only does raising beef use 2,500-5,000 gallons of water per pound of beef, it also creates huge amounts of waste products that must be dealt with as well as damage the grazing areas of the southwest which are slowly being turned into dessert by the hooves of cattle.
10. Soy For You Webquest
This is a webquest specifically about the benefits of eating soy foods.
11. People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
PETA is an activist group which is quite controversial given some of their actions. Nonetheless, the website contains useful information about the treatment of animals.
12. The Environmental Impacts of Factory Farming in Michigan
This is a documentary about the impacts of industrial farming on ecosystems, our air, soil, water, human health, and Animal Wellbeing. Provided by The Michigan Chapter of The Sierra Club, this video focuses on the impacts in Michigan.
13. Meet Your Meat
This is a short video narrated by Alec Baldwin that discloses industry standard practices used to raise animals for meat. Warning: This is graphic so if you might be overwhelmed by footage of animals suffering, you should not watch this.
14. The Food Revolution
This book by John Robbins (son of the founder of the famed Baskin-Robbins) shares his view about how Americans “can enhance their health, express compassion, and help create a thriving just and sustainable planet.”
15. Dietary Choices that Impact the Environment
This powerpoint presentation is based on a paper I wrote for an Earth Science class. It contains current information about the environmental impact of raising meat and a list of additional resources.
Just for Fun – List of Vegetarian Celebrities
This website may not be counted as one of your 6 sites to visit !!!!
For today’s class, please refer to your Fats Notetaker:
1. lease calculate the % of calories from fat for the 6 foods in the chart
at the bottom of the page.
2. Please research 10 ways to reduce fat in the foods you make (#11).
3. Please change the recipe (#12), that will lower the fat, and make the finished product
When the above is complete, please watch this video (does not need sound, but it does
have a musical background):
at the bottom of your Fats Notetaker, please write a 5+ sentence response to the video
Remember to hand in your Fats Notetaker to Ms. Barker at the end of class for marks.
Have a great class!